Author: Bryan Chan

Date: 8/8/10

The main sources of air pollution in Hong Kong are from industry, transport and electricity generation [1] while sources of air pollution in Guangdong include inefficient coal-fired power plants lacking effective emissions controls, growing vehicle fleets, heavy industry and the manufacturing sector. [2]

According to the Environmental Protection Department, generally, from 1990 to 2007, the increase in population was quite small and there has been a decreasing trend of pollutants emission over the years. Both energy end-uses and economic growth have been growing from 1990 to 2007, but the trend of pollutants emission was still decreasing [3], though, locally, upward trends in emissions from power generation, marine and civil aviation sources have been observed. [4]

Many air pollution-related deaths, illnesses, and costs are avoidable, but public policy has not adequately addressed the externalisation of these costs. It is a misconception that management of air pollution impedes the economy. Experience in the United States shows that in every case, the economic costs of improving air quality are outweighed by the benefits by many times. Indeed, pollution management is not a burden on the economy but pollution itself is. [5]

See Also

  1. Sources of Air Pollution in Hong Kong
  2. Costs of Air Pollution in Hong Kong


  1. ‘Where does Hong Kong’s air pollution come from?’, Hedley Index FAQs - last accessed 8/8/10
  2. ‘Owning up to Responsibility for Manufacturing Contributions to the Pearl River Delta’s Poor Air Quality’, Bill Barron, Simon Ng Ka Wing and Ben Lin Chubin, March 2006 - last accessed 8/8/10
  3. Environmental Protection Department, Air pollutant emission inventory - last accessed 6/8/10
  4. ‘The impact of air pollution on population health, health care and community costs’, Department of Community Medicine, HKU, 27 November 2006 - last accessed 8/8/10
  5. ‘Experts Symposium on Air Quality’, Civic Exchange, 9 January 2009 - last accessed 8/8/10